Althaea Rosea (Hollyhocks)
Hollyhocks have an ancient pedigree for healing and you’re hard pressed to find a malevolent use for the plant. Bees and butterflies are attracted to the pollen which drips onto the petals, spreading fertility to the witch’s garden.
The name Alcea comes from the ancient Greek word for healing, altho, hence the translation in some quarters to Althea. It’s a form of wild marshmallow, from which it draws its Christian name of Hollyhock, meaning holy hoc, with hoc being an alternate word for mallow.
From 1957-61 at Shanidar Cave in Iraq, excavations uncovered nine Neanderthal skeletons, likely 60-80,000 years old. The last one found showed signs of relatively elaborate funeral preparations, with pollen indicating that the body had been buried with certain plants, hollyhock included. But in fairness it should be noted, that it’s thought likely that the pollen was introduced after burial by burrowing rodents.
What is known for certain however, is that the ancient Egyptians made wreaths of Hollyhock which were buried with mummies, indicating that in that culture, the plant had connotations with the circle of life, leading the dead into their new lives.
In fact, during the Tudor era, Hollyhocks were used to prevent miscarriages, by steeping the blooms in wine. Difficult labors were soothed by ingesting Hollyhock shoots, and continuing with the rebirth theme, babies used to chew on them to sooth the teething process.
The Hollyhock likely came to Europe from the Middle East by crusaders returning from the holy wars, around the year 1500, and quickly became a staple of medieval gardens. The black version, similar if not identical to the ones grown by Thomas Jefferson at Monticello were known in Europe by 1629.
Eventually Hollyhocks became well known as a staple of the English cottage gardens, as their overwhelming height made a bold statement, along with their expansive blooms.
Fairies were believed to use the blooms as skirts, and Hollyhock seedpods were known as fairy cheese because they resembled a cheese wheel. There is even a recipe dating from 1660 that recommends combining Hollyhock, Marigolds, Wild Thyme and Hazel buds in order to allow mortals to see the fairy folk.
In pagan and Wiccan circles, Hollyhock is associated with Lammas because of its tendency to reproduce in abundance. In fact, it is said that one reason why it used to be grown so close to English cottages was to promote abundance in the household, both in power and wealth, but also in fertility.
In addition to funerary rites, the ancient Egyptians, as well as Romans used to eat the roots, which is rich in sugars, boiling it as well as frying it. In the 1800s, Hollyhock sap was whipped, sugar added and then poured into molds and sold as candy.
Hollyhocks were also used for a plethora of medicinal uses. In the middle ages, a tea made from Hollyhocks was used to fight lung and bladder disease. It’s still believed that the plant is useful for those purposes, as well as treating constipation, ulcers and inflammation of the skin (Hollyhock is a frequent ingredient in skin lotions), and bleeding. It is also thought that Hollyhocks can be used to break up and help pass kidney stones.
The flowers leaves and roots are edible. Young leaves can be chopped and used in salads older leaves have unpleasant texture which most people dislike. Flowers and flower buds are also good in salads.
Black hollyhock flowers have long been used in herbal medicine (but not other flower colors). Dried flowers are used as a tea to treat chest complaints, improve blood circulation and for the treatment of constipation, dysmenorrhoea, hemorrhage. The root is astringent and demulcent. It is crushed and applied as a poultice to ulcers. Internally, it is used in the treatment of dysentery.
A fiber obtained from the stems is used in papermaking. Flowers are also used dried as a coloring for wine, and as dye for wool where it can produce several different colors depending on how it is prepared. Also makes a good cut flower and dried flowers in pot pourri.